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ENGL 102: Prof. Maley: Getting Started

Find Background Information

Background information helps you learn about aspects of a topic that might interest you. 

The best way to complete your background research is with reference sources like subject encyclopedias, handbooks and dictionaries. They provide basic information and broad overviews of a wide variety of topics.

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Chicago Manual of Style Citations

Chicago Manual of Style citation and format style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources in literature, history, and the arts. Chicago offers two systems of documentation:

  • Notes and Bibliography
    • Bibliography: Always include a full list of your sources at the end of your paper.
    • Notes: Always include a note (footnote or endnote) when you you quote, paraphrase, or summarize to let the reader know that the information comes from another source. Use a superscript number in the body of the paper that corresponds to the footnote or endnote.
  • Author-Date:
    • Reference List: Always include a full list of your sources at the end of your paper.
    • In-text citations: Always use in-text citations when you quote, paraphrase, or summarize to let the reader know that the information comes from another source.

Always check with your course instructor to verify which style you should use when writing a paper.