CSE (Council of Science Editors) citation style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources in the sciences, including biology. CSE offers three systems of documentation.
- Reference list: Always include a full list of your sources at the end of your paper.
- CSE offers three systems of documentation for in-text citations:
- Citation-Name system: number your sources alphabetically by each author’s last name in the reference list at the end of your paper. In the sentences of your paper, cite these sources using the number from the reference list.
- Citation-Sequence system: number your sources in the reference list at the end of the paper by the order in which you refer to them in your paper
- Name-Year system: list (but do not number) your sources alphabetically in the reference list at the end of your paper. In the sentences of your paper, cite these sources by giving the author’s last name and year of publication in parentheses.
See the MC Library Research Skills guide on CSE Citations or one of the other resources below for more information.
Always check with your course instructor to verify which style you should use when writing a paper.